The Tuskegee Airmen were the first black pilots in American military history, including male and female officers and enlisted personnel who were stationed at the bases where they trained and from which they flew and those who belonged to the Groups and Squadrons to which the pilots belonged. In addition, male and female personnel who belonged to the support units for those flying Groups and Squadrons. The pilots and support personnel trained at airfields and Army Bases around Tuskegee, AL and at Lockbourne, OH and other Army airfields around the US during and after World War II from March 22, 1941 until November 1949. For decades, the U.S. Army did not consider blacks to be qualified to train to be military pilots. Many African Americans did become pilots before World War II, within the United States, but as civilians only. African American Eugene Bullard flew a military aircraft successfully in World War I, for the French Air Service, but he was the only African American military pilot before the Tuskegee Airmen, and he did not serve with the American armed forces.